cuatro. Very first Design: Polysemous Adjectives Compose Separate Classes

Because the explained throughout the Addition, some adjectives try polysemous in a way that per feel falls towards the good more class of the brand new classifications only showed. Consider including the adjective economic within the Analogy (1), constant here as the Analogy (9) having benefits. Both fundamental senses from economic instantiate the brand new relational (experience in Analogy (9a)) in addition to qualitative class (feel within the Example (9b)), respectively.

Instances of regular polysemy between the intensional and qualitative groups and exists, just like the portrayed when you look at the Examples (12) and you can (13)

Crucially for the objectives, into the each one of the sensory faculties the adjective exhibits the newest properties from each of the relevant groups. When utilized as the a relational adjective, this isn’t gradable and should not be studied into the good pre-nominal position (Analogy (10)). In the tests one realize, we point during the trapping that it hybrid behavior.

When utilized just like the a great qualitative adjective, it is gradable and it will be studied predicatively (look for Analogy (11))

Antic features a few major sensory faculties, an effective qualitative you to definitely (equivalent to ‘dated, ancient’) and you may an enthusiastic intensional one (equal to ‘former’). Notice once again one to, when used in the newest intensional feel, they showcases characteristics of one’s intensional category: It appears to be pre-nominally (Example (13a)) and that is perhaps not gradable (Example (13b)).

Brand new category in the alternative category, regarding experiences-associated adjectives, including brings up regular polysemy, specifically, between experiences-relevant and you may qualitative adjectives, due to the fact illustrated from inside the Instances (14) and (15). The fresh new participial adjective sabut (‘known’) have a meeting-relevant experience, corresponding to the brand new verb conocer (‘know’), and you may a good qualitative feel that is certainly interpreted as ‘wise’. As well, the latest deverbal adjective cridaner produced by cridar (‘to help you shout’) alternates between a conference-relevant feel and you can an effective qualitative experience.

Instances (14) and (15) depict cases of typical polysemy just like the, as can be removed regarding translations, discover a logical change off a clear family towards feel so you can a quality one carries a very distant regards to case. Regarding sabut the newest family is obvious (if the a person understands a lot, he is smart); regarding cridaner, a clothing qualifies toward adjective if it is as an instance loud-coloured otherwise provides a peculiar slash, so it increases the eye of individuals, because screaming do.

In this article, we merely thought sort of polysemy one cut over the category pursued. Other kinds of polysemy having typically been tackled on the books may not be felt. For instance, we’ll never be concerned about the fresh polysemy portrayed into the Example (16), and that arguably have a whole lot more to do with the latest semantics of changed noun than that this new adjective (Pustejovsky 1995). Both of the brand new uses off trist (‘sad’) represented into the Example (16) get into new qualitative classification, very, contrary to the functions by Lapata (2000; Lapata (2001) quoted before, we really do not beat the fresh adjective because polysemous about context of your own establish experiments.

Given the hybrid decisions from polysemous adjectives explained for the Area step three, we could predict that they function in different ways away from adjectives regarding very first classes. For instance, adjectives polysemous ranging from good qualitative and you may a good relational use is to showcase more facts to possess gradability than just absolute relational adjectives, however, less than pure qualitative adjectives. Within examine latinomeetup search, polysemous adjectives fall under a category, by way of example, the fresh qualitative-relational category, that’s different from both qualitative and the relational groups, generally speaking proving element opinions which might be among those of the basic classes. In this part, i report about experiments review truthfully that it model to own regular polysemy. We’ll therefore separate anywhere between four type of adjectives: qualitative, intensional, relational, polysemous between an effective qualitative and you will an enthusiastic intensional understanding (intensional-qualitative), and polysemous ranging from a qualitative and you can a good relational training (qualitative-relational). There’s you to definitely polysemous category missing (intensional-relational). No cases of polysemy between intensional and relational adjectives have been observed in our investigation.

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